Novel lincRNA Susceptibility Gene and Its Role in Etiopathogenesis of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis

Novel lincRNA Susceptibility Gene and Its Role in Etiopathogenesis of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis

Author Melo, Maria Clara C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Souza, Janaina S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kizys, Marina M. L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vidi, Angela C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dorta, Haron S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kunii, Ilda S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Giannocco, Gisele Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carvalheira, Gianna Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dias-da-Silva, Magnus R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a life-threatening neuromuscular complication of thyrotoxicosis characterized by muscle weakness and hypokalemia and with an unclear etiopathogenesis. However, the 17q24.3 locus had been genetically linked to TPP, in which the genetic variant rs312691 (TC genotype) in long intergenic noncoding RNA (lincRNA) CTD-2378E21.1 is located downstream of inward-rectifier potassium (Kir) channel genes [KCNJ2 and its antisense KCNJ2 (AS-KCNJ2)]. A TPP patient with a suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone level, a high free thyroxine level of (5.8 ng/dL), and low serum potassium level of (2 mEq/L) was evaluated for Kir channel expression during and after recovery from thyrotoxicosis. We observed that circulating lincRNA and Kir expression varied in accordance with thyroid status and TC genotype. To endorse this association of a lincRNA-rs312691 variant with a genetic risk of TPP, an additional series of 37 patients with TPP and 32 patients with thyrotoxic without paralysis (TWP) were assessed. Weverified that the risk of minor allele Cwas greater in TPP than inTWP(odds ratio, 5.289

P = 0.0062), and protective major allele T was more frequent than observed in the 1000 genome controls (odds ratio, 11.90

P < 0.0001). AS-KCNJ2 was downregulated during thyrotoxicosis in theTWPcontrols carrying allele T and were upregulated in those with TPP with risk allele C. Moreover, KCNJ2 (Kir2.1) expression was reduced during thyrotoxicosis and restored in euthyroid status. We further excluded any other coding variant by performing targeted exome sequencing mutational screening in 17q24.3. Our data suggest that high lincRNA AS-KCNJ2 and CDT-2378E21.1 expression, possibly driven by the triiodothyronine regulatory mechanism, reduces the Kir2.1 expression observed during thyrotoxicosis. This finding could contribute to the understanding of the reduced inward-rectifying current observed during muscle weakness in genetically susceptible TPP patients. Copyright (c) 2017 Endocrine Society
Keywords thyrotoxic paralysis
Kir channel expression
Kir antisense
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Washington
Language English
Sponsor Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Sao Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP)
Grant number CAPES
FAPESP: 2012/01628-0
FAPESP: 2009/50575-4
FAPESP: 2011/20747-8
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of The Endocrine Society. Washington, v. 1, n. 7, p. 809-815, 2017.
ISSN 2472-1972 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Endocrine Soc
Extent 809-815
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000425348400004

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