Burnout syndrome and coping strategies in Portuguese oncology health care providers
Cumbe, Vasco F. J. [UNIFESP]
Pala, Andrea N.
Palha, Antonio J. P.
Gaio, Ana R. P.
Esteves, Manuel F.
Mari, Jair de Jesus [UNIFESP]
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Background: Burnout is a multidimensional syndrome and includes symptoms of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment at work. Oncology health care providers are at high risk to develop symptoms of burnout because of work-related stressors. Adaptive coping strategies adopted to deal with stressors may prevent the development of burnout. Objective: The present study aims to assess the association between burnout, functional coping strategies, and occupational factors in a sample of oncology providers, mostly nurses. Methods: Sociodemographic Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Problem Solving Inventory "Inventario de Resolucao de Problemas" were administered. Descriptive, correlational, and linear regression analyses were performed. Results: The study showed that emotional exhaustion correlated with lower levels of adaptive coping, less years of experience in Oncology, and a greater amount of hours worked per week. Personal accomplishment was associated with the adaptive coping strategies. No further statistically significant associations were identified. Discussion: Our findings support the importance of adaptive coping strategies in order to prevent symptoms of burnout when health professionals face potentially stressful occupational factors. Training aimed at improving adaptive coping skills may prevent burnout syndrome for health care professionals working in Oncology.
CitationArchives Of Clinical Psychiatry. Sao Paulo, v. 44, n. 5, p. 122-126, 2017.
SponsorshipDepartment of Mental Health - Ministry of Health in Mozambique (MISAU)
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