Conditional risk for posttraumatic stress disorder in an epidemiological study of a Brazilian urban population

Conditional risk for posttraumatic stress disorder in an epidemiological study of a Brazilian urban population

Author Luz, Mariana Pires Google Scholar
Coutinho, Evandro S. F. Google Scholar
Berger, William Google Scholar
Mendlowicz, Mauro V. Google Scholar
Vilete, Liliane M. P. Google Scholar
Mello, Marcelo F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Quintana, Maria Ines Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bressan, Rodrigo A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andreoli, Sergio B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair J. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Figueira, Ivan Google Scholar
Abstract Introduction: Conditional risk for PTSD is the risk of developing PTSD after exposure to traumatic events. This epidemiological study of the general urban population from the two largest cities in Brazil reports exposure to traumatic events

conditional risk for PTSD

and proportion/estimated number of PTSD cases secondary to each type of traumatic event. Method: Cross-sectional study of general population (15-75 y.o.) from Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. PTSD was assessed through Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1. Results: Our main findings, from 3744 participants, were: 1) high prevalence of traumatic events (86%), urban violence being the most common

2) conditional risk for PTSD was 11.1%

3) women (15.9%) have overall conditional risk 3 times higher than men (5.1%)

4) war-related trauma (67.8%), childhood sexual abuse (49.1%) and adult sexual violence (44.1%) had the highest conditional risks

5) 35% of PTSD cases (estimated 435,970 individuals) were secondary to sudden/unexpected death of a close person, and 40% secondary to interpersonal violence. Conclusions: Brazilian urban population is highly exposed to urban violence, and overall conditional risk for PTSD was 11.1%. Violence prevention and enhancement of resilience should be part of public policies, and mental health sequelae of trauma should be better recognized and treated. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Stress disorders
Epidemiologic studies
Public health
ViolencePeritraumatic Tonic Immobility
Potentially Traumatic Events
Interview Cidi 2.1
Interpersonal Violence
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 2004/15039-0
CNPq: 420122/2005-2
Date 2016
Published in Journal Of Psychiatric Research. Oxford, v. 72, p. 51-57, 2016.
ISSN 0022-3956 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Extent 51-57
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000367484900008

Show full item record


File Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)




My Account