Nanotechnology in Phytotherapy: Antiinflammatory Effect of a Nanostructured Thymol Gel from Lippia sidoides in Acute Periodontitis in Rats
Botelho, Marco A.
Queiroz, Dinalva B.
Carvalho, Celso Felicio
Silva, Ivaldo [UNIFESP]
Is part ofPhytotherapy Research
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Lippia sidoides Cham (Verbenaceae) is largely distributed in the northeastern region of Brazil. It is popularly known as Alecrim-pimenta '. Recent studies have shown that some species of Lippia have interesting pharmacological activities. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a nanostructured thymol gel (TG) 1.2mg/g on acute phase of ligature-induced periodontitis model [acute periodontal disease (APD)] in rats. APD was induced in 24 Wistar rats subjected to ligature placement on left molars in maxillae. Animals were treated with TG, immediately after APD induction. Saline-based gel was utilized as negative control and diethylammonium diclofenac gel 10mg/g was used as positive control. Animals were randomly assigned into the groups. The periodontium and the surrounding gingiva were examined at histopathology, as well as the neutrophil influx into the gingiva was assayed using myeloperoxidase activity levels by ELISA method. TG treatment reduced tissue lesion at histopathology coupled to decreased myeloperoxidase activity production in gingival tissue when compared with the saline gel control group (p < 0.05). The TG gel was able to provide a significant myeloperoxidase decreasing in gingiva tissue confirming to be effective in reducing gingival inflammation in this model. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
CitationPhytotherapy Research. Hoboken, v. 30, n. 1, p. 152-159, 2016.
Brazilian plantsLigature-Induced Periodontitis
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Essential Oil Mouthrinse
SponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
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