Vargas and the reorganization of rural life in brazil (1930-1945)
Vargas e a reorganização da vida rural no Brasil (1930-1945)
Welch, Clifford Andrew [UNIFESP]
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It remains common to argue that Brazil's longest serving 20th century leader, Getulio Vargas, accepted the continuity of landlord power in the countryside by negotiating a "hands off" pact regarding government interference in rural social and labor relations. But research in speeches, legislation and organizational activity during the 1930 to 1945 period of his reign demonstrates the efforts of his regime to dramatically change traditional relationships. Many initiatives failed, but they all stimulated change. Thus, by 1945, Vargas regime had generated a series of studies, laws and institutions for the reorganization of rural life that proved an enduring part of his legacy. The article uses research in documents, oral histories and the literature to support its arguments.
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