Acanthamoeba keratitis in patients wearing scleral contact lenses

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Sticca, Matheus Porto [UNIFESP]
Carrijo-Carvalho, Linda C. [UNIFESP]
Silva, Isa M. B. [UNIFESP]
Vieira, Luiz A. [UNIFESP]
Souza, Luciene B. [UNIFESP]
Belfort Junior, Rubens [UNIFESP]
Carvalho, Fabio Ramos S. [UNIFESP]
Freitas, Denise [UNIFESP]
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Purpose: To report a series of cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in scleral lens wearers with keratoconus to determine whether this type of contact lens presents a greater risk for development of infection. Methods: This study reports three patients who wore scleral contact lenses to correct keratoconus and developed AK. The diagnoses of AK were established based on cultures of the cornea, scleral contact lenses, and contact lens paraphernalia. This study investigated the risk factors for infections. Results: The possible risks for AK in scleral contact lens wearers are hypoxic changes in the corneal epithelium because of the large diameter and minimal tear exchange, use of large amounts of saline solution necessary for scleral lens fitting, storing the scleral lens overnight in saline solution rather than contact lens multipurpose solutions, not rubbing the contact lens during cleaning, and the space between the cornea and the back surface of the scleral lens that might serve as a fluid reservoir and environment for Acanthamoeba multiplication. Two patients responded well to medical treatment of AK
one is still being treated. Conclusions: The recommendations for use and care of scleral contact lenses should be emphasized, especially regarding use of sterile saline (preferably single use), attention to rubbing the lens during cleaning, cleaning of the plunger, and overnight storage in fresh contact lens multipurpose solutions without topping off the lens solution in the case.
Contact Lens & Anterior Eye. Amsterdam, v. 41, n. 3, p. 307-310, 2018.