Definition of Strategies for Crime Prevention and Combat Using Fuzzy Clustering and Formal Concept Analysis

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Farias, Adriana M. Guimaraes de
Cintra, Marcos E. [UNIFESP]
Felix, Angelica C.
Cavalcante, Danniel L.
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Public security has always been an important research topic. In this sense, machine learning algorithms have been used to extract knowledge from criminal databases, which usually maintain records in order to generate statistics. The automatic extraction of knowledge from such databases allows the improvement and planning of strategies to prevent and combat crimes. Accordingly, in this work different models related to public security are presented. Such models are based on clustering algorithms, on the analysis of formal concept techniques, and on the analysis of crime record data collected in the city of Mossoro, Brazil. The two types of models generated are: (i) concept lattices with crime patterns
(ii) criminal hot spot maps. We also produced a ranking of dangerousness for neighbourhoods of Mossoro. The Fuzzy K-Means clustering algorithm was used to obtain criminal hot spots, which indicate locations with high crime incidence. Formal concept analysis was used for extracting visual models describing patterns that characterize criminal activities. Such models have the form of conceptual lattices that provide graphical displays which can be used for defining strategies to combat and prevent crime. The models were first empirically evaluated and then analysed by public security experts, who provided positive feedback for their practical use. The advantages of the automatically generated models presented in this paper are many, including the short time to produce such models, the variety of different models that can be generated for specific regions and periods of days, months, or years, the graphical characteristic of such models that allow a fast analysis of them, as well as the use of large amounts of data, which are infeasible activities to be done by human experts.
International Journal Of Uncertainty Fuzziness And Knowledge-Based Systems. Singapore, v. 26, n. 3, p. 429-452, 2018.