Quality of life and self-esteem in patients with paraplegia and pressure ulcers: A controlled cross-sectional study
Lourenço, Lara Cristina D'Avila [UNIFESP]
Blanes, Leila [UNIFESP]
Salomé, Geraldo Magela
Ferreira, Lydia Masako [UNIFESP]
Is part ofJournal Of Wound Care
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Objective: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-esteem in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers.Method: This study was a controlled cross-sectional study. HRQoL was assessed using the generic Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem/UNIFESP-EPM Scale.A total of 120 patients with traumatic SCI were included in the sample, of which 60 had pressure ulcers and were assigned to the study group, and 60 had no pressure ulcers and were assigned to the control group. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and Student's t-test.Results: Of the 60 patients in the study group, 83.3% were men and the mean age was 38.17 years (SD = 9.08 years).When compared with controls, patients in the study group reported significantly lower scores (worse health status) on all SF-36 subscales (p <= 0.0013) except for general health (p=0.109).The RSE/UNIFESP-EMP scale total score indicated that patients with pressure ulcers had significantly lower self-esteem than controls (p<0.001).Conclusion: Pressure ulcers had an adverse impact on the HRQoL and self-esteem of patients with SCI.
CitationJournal Of Wound Care. London: Ma Healthcare Ltd, v. 23, n. 6, p. 331-+, 2014.
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