The effect of phenylephrine and cyclopentolate on objective wavefront measurements

The effect of phenylephrine and cyclopentolate on objective wavefront measurements

Author Jankov, Mirko R. Google Scholar
Iseli, Hans Peter Google Scholar
Bueeler, Michael Google Scholar
Schor, Paulo Google Scholar
Seiler, Theo Google Scholar
Mrochen, Michael Google Scholar
Institution Milos Clin Eye Hosp
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Refract & Ophthalm Surg
Swiss Fed Inst Technol
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of phenylephrine and cyclopentolate on wavefront refraction and fourth order spherical aberration C(12).METHODS: This cohort study comprised 151 eyes with sphere up to -10.00 diopters (D) and cylinder -3.75 D. Aberrometry was performed using the ALLEGRO WAVE (WaveLight Laser Technologies AG, Erlangen, Germany) after instillation of phenylephrine 5% yielding objective phenylephrine refraction in accommodated steady-state, as well as after cyclopentolate 0.5% providing objective cyclopentolate refraction in non-accommodated state. Accommodation target fogging was turned off. Wavefront aberrations were expressed by Zemike expansion up to the sixth order, and paraxial curvature matching with Taylor series was used to calculate objective wavefront sphere.RESULTS: Objective wavefront sphere was not influenced by pupil size. Eyes showed substantial accommodation after phenylephrine with a myopic shift of -0.66 D comparing objective to subjective manifest sphere (r=0.942, P<.001). Cycloplegic eyes behaved like a model eye, with a difference of -0.08 D between objective and subjective cycloplegic sphere (r=0.976, P<.001). C(12) increased ten-fold from 4.0- to 7.0-mm pupil size, keeping the same sign. Comparing cyclopentolate with phenylephrine, the sign of C(12) changed in a positive direction by an average +0.124 +/- 0.109 mu m (range: -0.052 to +0.632 mu m) at 7.0 mm, whereas the total higher order aberrations changed very little. A good correlation was found between C(12) and the change in objective wavefront sphere between cyclopentolate and phenylephrine (r=0.75, P<.001).CONCLUSIONS: Fogging of the accommodation target should be used for wavefront measurements. Weaker cycloplegic agents, such as tropicamide, may be used to ensure relaxed but not completely paralyzed accommodation, which would yield manifest aberration values close to the natural resting state.
Language English
Date 2006-05-01
Published in Journal Of Refractive Surgery. Thorofare: Slack Inc, v. 22, n. 5, p. 472-481, 2006.
ISSN 1081-597X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Slack Inc
Extent 472-481
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081-597X-20060501-09
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000237429400010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/44615

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