Adherence patterns and adherence-related DNA sequences in Escherichia coli isolates from children with and without diarrhea in Sao Paulo city, Brazil

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1998-12-01
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Gomes, Tania Aparecida Tardelli [UNIFESP]
Vieira, Mônica Aparecida Midolli [UNIFESP]
Jacob, Cristina Miuki Abe [UNIFESP]
Rodrigues, Daleth
Griffin, Patricia M.
Ramos, Sonia Regina Testa da Silva [UNIFESP]
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The correlation between various adherence patterns and adherence-related DNA sequences in Escherichia coli isolates from 1- to 4-year-old children with and without diarrhea in Sao Paulo, Brazil, was evaluated. A total of 1,801 isolates obtained from 200 patients and 200 age-matched controls were studied. The adherence patterns found were classified as diffuse, aggregative, aggregative in a 6-h assay, aggregative predominantly in coverslips, localized, localized-like, and noncharacteristic. In general, the DNA sequences used as probes showed excellent specificities (>93%), but their sensitivities varied. Thus, the results of bioassays and assays with DNA probes normally used to search for adherent E. coli did not correlate well, and the best method for the identification of these organisms in the clinical research setting remains controversial. Isolates presenting diffuse adherence or hybridizing with the related daaC probe, or both, were by far the most frequent in patients (31.5, 26.0, and 23.0%, respectively), followed by isolates presenting aggregative adherence or hybridizing with the related EAEC probe, or both (21.5, 13.0, and 10.5%, respectively). None of the different combinations of adherence patterns and adherence-related DNA sequences found were associated with acute diarrhea.
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Journal Of Clinical Microbiology. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 36, n. 12, p. 3609-3613, 1998.
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