Sex Determination in Mandibles in the First Year of Life by a Quantitative Approach

Show simple item record Galdames, Ivan Claudio Suazo [UNIFESP] Matamala, Daniela Zavando [UNIFESP] Smith, Ricardo Luiz [UNIFESP] 2018-06-15T17:44:25Z 2018-06-15T17:44:25Z 2009-03-01
dc.identifier.citation International Journal Of Morphology. Temuco: Soc Chilena Anatomia, v. 27, n. 1, p. 113-116, 2009.
dc.identifier.issn 0717-9502
dc.description.abstract Numerous studies have shown that skeletal characteristics vary among different populations. Several authors suggest that it is possible to determine sex through the anatomical evaluation of children mandible, however there are few morphometrical studies conducted with such specimens. The purpose of this study was to analyze several mandibular dimensions and identify the ones that could be useful to perform sex differentiation in a sample of Brazilian young children. For this study we used 32 children dry mandibles of known sex, age ranging from 0 to 1 year old. The mandibles pertain to the collection of the Skull Museum of the Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP). The parameters included bicondilar width, bigonial width, minimum width and height of the mandibular ramus, gonion-gnation length, height of the mandibular symphysis and transverse and anteroposterior condylar dimensions. The SPSS program was used to carry on the discriminant function analysis and the T test (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences that could allow identification of a specific parameter for sex determination. However, most of the dimensions were higher in male than in female, except for the minimum width of the mandibular ramus (0.2-0.16 mm) and transverse diameter of the right condyle (0.16mm). The values obtained for the anteroposterior diameter of the mandibular head were the most different between genders, although no statistically significance was found. Discriminant function analysis indicated that, despite differences, none of the evaluated parameters allow for sex classification with enough reliability. In conclusion, there is little sexual dimorphism in children's mandibles during the first year of life and anatomical analysis of this structure is not recommended as reliable quantitative approach for sex differentiation with forensic purposes. en
dc.format.extent 113-116
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Soc Chilena Anatomia
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal Of Morphology
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Sexual Dimorphism en
dc.subject Sex determination en
dc.subject Infants en
dc.subject Mandibles en
dc.title Sex Determination in Mandibles in the First Year of Life by a Quantitative Approach en
dc.title.alternative Determinación del Sexo en Mandíbulas en el Primer Año de Vida Mediante una Aproximación Cuantitativa es
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Univ Talca
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.description.affiliation Univ Talca, Dept Anat Normal, Talca, Chile
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.file S0717-95022009000100020.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S0717-95022009000100020
dc.identifier.doi 10.4067/S0717-95022009000100020
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000266571500020


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