Accuracy of Palate Shape as sex Indicator in Human Skull with Maxillary Teeth Loss

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dc.contributor.author Galdames, Ivan Claudio Suazo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Matamala, Daniela Zavando [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Smith, Ricardo Luiz [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-15T17:44:24Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-15T17:44:24Z
dc.date.issued 2008-12-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022008000400034
dc.identifier.citation International Journal Of Morphology. Temuco: Soc Chilena Anatomia, v. 26, n. 4, p. 989-993, 2008.
dc.identifier.issn 0717-9502
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/44064
dc.description.abstract In forensic medicine, diagnosis of sex is the first step in the identification of human skulls. A first approximation is carried out via the qualitative analysis of a series of morphological indicators of sexual dimorphism. Classical studies (Krogman & Iscan, 1986) described 14 indicators for the diagnosis of sex with an accuracy of 90%, and one of these indicators is the shape of the palate. This study analyzed the effect of the loss of teeth on the accuracy of the diagnosis of sex in Brazilians adult skulls, using the shape of the palate as an indicator. We used 98 skulls of adult Brazilians, comprising 35 females and 63 males with an average age of 39.3 years (SD 7.8). The skulls were classified into two groups, namely the fully edentulous maxilla and the partial edentulous maxilla. An inclusion criterion in the partial edentulous maxilla group was the presence of canine or their alveolus. The accuracy for the diagnosis of sex in the total sample was 75.5% (with a sensitivity of 88.8% for male skulls and 51.5% for female skulls), while it was slightly higher (76.9%) in the fully edentulous maxilla group with a sensitivity from 84% to 70% for both male and female skulls. However, the partial edentulous maxilla group presented lower values of accuracy of 74.5%, and a sensitivity of 90% for male skulls and 26% for female skulls. Thus, this work suggests that the accuracy of diagnosis of sex using the shape of the palate as an indicator of sexual dimorphism is not significantly affected by full edentulism; however, the presence of teeth favors the underestimation of the female skulls en
dc.format.extent 989-993
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Soc Chilena Anatomia
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal Of Morphology
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Sexual Dimorphism en
dc.subject Sex determination en
dc.subject Palate en
dc.subject Tooth loss en
dc.title Accuracy of Palate Shape as sex Indicator in Human Skull with Maxillary Teeth Loss en
dc.title.alternative Exactitud de la Forma del Paladar como Indicador de Sexo en Cráneos Humanos con Pérdida de Dientes Maxilares es
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Univ Talca
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.description.affiliation Univ Talca, Dept Anat Normal, Talca, Chile
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.file S0717-95022008000400034.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S0717-95022008000400034
dc.identifier.doi 10.4067/S0717-95022008000400034
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000266072600034



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