Twenty Years of Acanthamoeba Keratitis

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Data
2009-06-01
Autores
Carvalho, Fabio Ramos de Souza [UNIFESP]
Foronda, Annette Silva [UNIFESP]
Mannis, M. J.
Hoefling-Lima, Ana Luisa [UNIFESP]
Belfort, R. [UNIFESP]
Freitas, Denise de [UNIFESP]
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Purpose: We described the rate of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in a referral eye center in Sao Paulo, Brazil, through a retrospective review of clinical and laboratorial records of patients over 2 decades.Methods: From 1987 to 2006, a total of 581 requests for amoebic laboratory workup in cases of infections keratitis were investigated. Statistical analyses were applied to analyze a tendency of AK cases.Results: Acanthamoeba species were cultured from corneal scrapings of 185 patients, 5 of them with bilateral infection. Eighty-three percent of those patients were related with contact lens wear.Conclusions: The results suggested that patients with AK have persisted and increased over time at our ophthalmology center. Contact lenses showed to be a potential risk factor. Amoebic corneal infection can be considered as a new but well-established disease ill Brazilian ophthalmology and visual sciences.
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Cornea. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 28, n. 5, p. 516-519, 2009.
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