ENDOTHELIN (16-21) - BIPHASIC EFFECT AND NO DESENSITIZATION ON THE GUINEA-PIG ISOLATED ILEUM

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Data
1993-05-01
Autores
Miasiro, N.
Nakaie, Clovis Ryuichi [UNIFESP]
Paiva, Antonio Cechelli de Mattos [UNIFESP]
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1 In the guinea-pig ileum the C-terminal hexapeptide of the endothelins, endothelin (16-21), induced a biphasic effect (relaxation followed by contraction) qualitatively similar to that seen in the responses to endothelins 1 and 3. Both components of the response were concentration-dependent in the range studied (2-100 mum).2 The response induced by endothelin (16-21) was inhibited in low-sodium (80mM) medium.3 Repeated administration of endothelin (16-21) induced no desensitization of the preparation, contrasting with the tachyphylaxis induced by endothelin-I and endothelin-3 in the guinea-pig ileum.4 Tissues rendered tachyphylatic to endothelin-1 or endothelin-3 responded normally to endothelin (16-21).5 The results suggest that the C-terminal tail of the endothelins contains the message for the biphasic response, whereas the N-terminal domain may be responsible for the strong binding to the receptor and for the tachyphylactic properties of endothelin-I and endothelin-3, in the guinea-pig isolated ileum. However, the possibility that endothelin (16-21) may be acting on a site other than the endothelin receptor cannot be ruled out.
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British Journal Of Pharmacology. Basingstoke: Stockton Press, v. 109, n. 1, p. 68-72, 1993.
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