MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES SPECIFIC FOR THE FREE ALPHA-SUBUNIT OF GLYCOPROTEIN HORMONES AND THEIR USE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSITIVE IMMUNOFLUOROMETRIC ASSAY
Vieira, Jose Gilberto Henriques [UNIFESP]
Nishida, Sonia Kiyomi [UNIFESP]
Lombardi, M. T.
Abucham, Julio [UNIFESP]
Kasamatsu, Teresa Sayoko [UNIFESP]
Is part ofBrazilian Journal Of Medical And Biological Research
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Glycoprotein hormone free alpha subunit has been used as a marker for some pituitary tumors and to study the reactivity of glycoprotein hormone-producing cells under different circumstances. We describe a highly sensitive and specific immunofluorometric assay for the measurement of serum free alpha subunit levels. The assay is based on a monoclonal antibody, specific for free alpha subunit, bound to microtiter plates. As tracer antibody we employed an europium-labelled free/complexed alpha subunit specific monoclonal antibody. Using overnight incubation and 50-mu l samples, the least detectable dose was of the order of 4 ng/l. Cross-reactivity with LH, TSH, FSH and hCG was 6.5, 1.2, 4.3 and 1.1%, respectively. Normal adult males showed values ranging from 120 to 790 ng/l, not different from normal adult premenopausal females (88 to 604 ng/l). In post-menopausal females, serum concentrations were significantly higher, ranging from 341 to 4071 ng/l. In 56 patients with untreated pituitary tumors (18 ''non-secreting'', 25 GH-producing and 13 prolactin-producing tumors), 10 showed high values, 3 of them from the first group, 3 from the second and 4- from the third. We conclude that this highly sensitive assay can be a valuable tool for the diagnosis and followup of selected patients with pituitary tumors and in other circumstances in which the glycoprotein hormone-producing cells of the pituitary require evaluation.
CitationBrazilian Journal Of Medical And Biological Research. Sao Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 28, n. 6, p. 633-636, 1995.
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