EFFECTS OF SINGLE AND LONG-TERM ADMINISTRATION OF NIFEDIPINE ON NOCICEPTION AND STEREOTYPED BEHAVIOR OF RATS

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1994-03-01
Autores
Mattia, N. F.
Maiolini, M.
Conceição, Isaltino Marcelo da [UNIFESP]
Chang, Y. H.
Smaili, Soraya Soubhi [UNIFESP]
Frussa-Filho, Roberto [UNIFESP]
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In the present investigation, nociception and stereotyped behavior were evaluated in 3-month old male Wistar rats after a single nifedipine dose (2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg, ip, 1 h before testing, 6-7 rats per group for stereotypy studies and 15 animals per group for nociception experiments) or after long-term nifedipine treatment (2.5 mg/kg, ip, twice daily for 30 days,with testing performed 72 or 96 h after the last injection, 7 rats per group for stereotypy studies and 14-16 animals per group for nociception experiments). Stereotypy was induced with 2.5 mg/kg amphetamine, ip, and nociception was measured by the tail-immersion test. Administration of a single nifedipine dose did not modify nociception or amphetamine-induced stereotypy (with a mean +/- SEM tail-withdrawal latency of 4.5 +/- 0.5 s for control, 4.4 +/- 0.3 s for 2.5 mg/kg nifedipine and 4.7 +/- 0.7 s for 5.0 mg/kg nifedipine and with mean +/- SEM sum of stereotypy scores of 32.5 +/- 1.6 for control, 29.1 +/- 1.0 for 2.5 mg/kg nifedipine and 29.1 +/- 1.6 for 5.0 mg/kg nifedipine). Withdrawal from long-term nifedipine treatment did not affect stereotyped behavior (with mean +/- SEM sum of stereotypy scores of 28.7 +/- 1.6 for control and 30.7 +/- 1.3 for nifedipine-treated rats) but significantly increased tail-withdrawal latencies (with a mean +/- SEM tail-withdrawal latency of 4.1 +/- 0.3 s for control and 6.4 +/- 0.6 s for nifedipine-treated rats). Therefore, long-term nifedipine treatment induced plastic modifications in nociception but not in stereotyped behavior. The possible mechanisms underlying these results are discussed in the light of the effects of long-term calcium antagonist administration on the regulation of dopaminergic receptors and calcium channels.
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Brazilian Journal Of Medical And Biological Research. Sao Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 27, n. 3, p. 719-723, 1994.
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