Demonstration of extracellular acid phosphatase activity in the involuting, antimesometrial decidua in fed and acutely fasted mice by combined cytochemistry and electron microscopy

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Katz, Sima Godosevicius [UNIFESP]
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An ultrastructural cytochemical study of acid phosphatase activity in the antimesometrial decidua on days 9-11 of pregnancy was performed in fed and acutely fasted mice.Specimens were fixed in a buffered mixture of paraformaldehyde and glutaraldehyde and were incubated in a buffered medium containing sodium beta-glycerophosphate and cerium chloride for ultrastructural localization of acid phosphatase activity,Fed and fasted animals showed extracellular acid phosphatase reaction product in the decidual-trophoblast interface, in the region of loosely and tightly packed, mature decidual cells, and in the region of predecidual cells. Reaction product was absent in the region of nondecidualized stromal cells. Extracellular acid phosphatase activity was more conspicuous in the region of mature decidual cells in fasted mice than in fed mice, and it was apparently similar in the region of predecidual cells in both fed and fasted mice. Acid phosphatase reaction product was also observed in lysosomes in all cells studied.Because acid phosphatase activity reflects the presence of lysosomal hydrolases in general, our results suggest that there is matrix degradation by lysosomal enzymes in both fed and fasted mice. These events may be part of the process of tissue remodeling in regions of predecidual cells and mature decidual cells. However, it is also possible that, in the region of mature decidual cells, breakdown of matrix constituents is a mechanism to provide nutrients for the growing fetus. This mechanism is probably enhanced in fasted mice. (C) 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Anatomical Record. New York: Wiley-liss, v. 252, n. 1, p. 1-7, 1998.