Diagnostic value of attenuation measurements of the kidney on unenhanced helical CT of obstructive ureterolithiasis

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2004-05-01
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Goldman, Suzan Menasce [UNIFESP]
Faintuch, Salomão [UNIFESP]
Ajzen, Sergio Aron [UNIFESP]
Christofalo, Dejaldo Marcos de Jesus [UNIFESP]
Araujo, M. P.
Ortiz, Valdemar [UNIFESP]
Srougi, Miguel [UNIFESP]
Kenney, Philip J.
Szejnfeld, Jacob [UNIFESP]
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OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of attenuation measurements of the kidney on unenhanced helical CT in patients with obstructive ureterolithiasis.MATERIALS AND METHODS. Consecutive unenhanced helical CT scans of patients referred for acute unilateral renal colic were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with CT evidence of other urinary system diseases were excluded. Included scans (n = 145) were assessed for ureteral stone and secondary signs of obstruction such as unilateral collecting system or ureteral dilatation, perinephric stranding, and periureteral edema. Renal attenuation in Hounsfield units was measured in the upper, middle, and lower portions of the parenchyma, and a mean value was determined for each kidney.RESULTS. Ureteral stones were present in 76 patients. Renal attenuation on the side with lithiasis was lower than on the opposite kidney: 27.2 +/- 3.9 H vs 32.6 +/- 3.4 H (p < 0.001). At-tenuation differences between kidneys were higher for patients with ureterolithiasis: 5.4 &PLUSMN; 3.2 H (range, -3.3 to 13.0 H) versus 1.2 1.0 H (range, 0-4.7 H) (P < 0.001). An attenuation difference between kidneys greater than or equal to 5.0 H had 61% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value, 69% negative predictive value, and 79% accuracy for diagnosis of ureteral lithiasis.CONCLUSION. Attenuation difference between kidneys greater than or equal to 5.0 H was a valuable sign and had diagnostic performance similar to other secondary signs of obstructive ureterolithiasis. Furthermore, attenuation difference had the advantage of being an objective, measurement-based indicator.
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American Journal Of Roentgenology. Reston: Amer Roentgen Ray Soc, v. 182, n. 5, p. 1251-1254, 2004.
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