Rotavirus infection in children and adult patients attending in a tertiary Hospital of São Paulo, Brazil

Rotavirus infection in children and adult patients attending in a tertiary Hospital of São Paulo, Brazil

Author Carraro, Emerson Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Perosa, Ana Helena Sitta Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Siqueira, Itacy Google Scholar
Pasternak, Jacyr Google Scholar
Martino, Marines Dalla Vale Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Albert Einstein Hospital Clinical Laboratory Microbiology Section
Abstract During the period of January 2003 to December 2005, 3,768 stool samples were received in the Microbiology Laboratory for rotavirus antigen detection from outpatients and inpatients of Albert Einstein Hospital, SP. Fresh stool samples from children and adults were analyzed by two methodologies: during 2003 and 2004 by latex agglutination (Slidex Rotavirus, Biomerieux) and 2005 by an immunochromatographic assay for the combined detection of rotavirus and adenovirus (Vikia Rota-Adeno, Biomerieux). Rotavirus group A was detected in 755 (20%) samples. The annual prevalence was 19.8% in 2003, 21.7% in 2004, and 18.7% in 2005. Rotavirus was detected every month during the period of the study, with peak of positivity between June and August (>35%). The prevalence in hospitalized patients was 26.1% (352/1,350) and in outpatients was 16.7% (403/2,418). For hospitalized patients most of the rotavirus infections were diagnosed in Pediatric setting, age range of 0 to 10 years (prevalence of 55.3%, 295/534). Overall positivity was up to 30% in patients between six months and five years of age (67% of all positive patients), all other age groups had at least 10% positive tests. Rotavirus infection is common in São Paulo, and besides the expected higher frequency in children it is also frequent in adults.
Keywords Rotavirus
gastroenteritis
Language English
Date 2008-02-01
Published in Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, v. 12, n. 1, p. 44-46, 2008.
ISSN 1413-8670 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Extent 44-46
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-86702008000100010
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000257126000010
SciELO ID S1413-86702008000100010 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/4205

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