A dominância lateral em 182 crianças: 1. os antímeros, as praxias, a relação estrutura-desempenho

A dominância lateral em 182 crianças: 1. os antímeros, as praxias, a relação estrutura-desempenho

Alternative title The lateral dominance in 182 children: 1. the antimeres, the praxias, the struture-perfomance relation
Author Jordy, Ceme Ferreira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract 182 normal children from 6 to 14 years old presenting learning difficulties were neurologically examined. A 149 items questionaire covering the intrauterine, peri and post partum life were answered by parents and afterwards detailed in interview consultation. Special procedures on motor skill were added to the usual neurological examination, to text motor performance differences between antimeres. Dextrallity appeared in 156 cases (85.71%), sinistrality in 8 (4.39%) and in 18 cases (9.89%) the lateral dominance could not be determined. The concept of ambidextrallity was rejected for the bilateral equivalence in motor competence was not found in the subjects. The results lead to interpret the lateral dominance as a proportional distribution of motor performances in the right and left halves of the body in a process of constant improvement of motor skills which takes place in and belongs to the development of interdependence between the individuals and their environment. It is by way of such interrelationships that the significant motor activity (praxias) is acquired. Lateral dominance is considered a dynamic mechanism resulting from this interactive process which aim is directed together with other mechanisms to provide and improve the human being survival.

182 crianças normais de 6 a 14 anos de idade foram neurologicamente examinadas. Os resultados relacionados à dominância lateral revelaram 156 (85,71%) destros, 8 (4,39%) canhotos e 18 (9,89%) com dominância indeterminada. O conceito de ambidestrismo fundamentado na equivalência de competência motora entre os antímeros foi rejeitado. A análise dos resultados leva a fundamentar na interação 'indivíduo-universo', a formação da dominância lateral. Considera-se nesta interação a aquisição de praxias e a criação de estruturas neuronais dinâmicas, em relação e concomitância com o surgimento e o desenvolvimento da ação motora.
Keywords lateral dominance
praxias
struture-performance relation
facilitation
automatism
dominância lateral
praxias
estrutura neuronal
facilitação
automatismo
Language Portuguese
Date 1995-09-01
Published in Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO, v. 53, n. 3b, p. 631-638, 1995.
ISSN 0004-282X (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Extent 631-638
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1995000400014
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S0004-282X1995000400014 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/390

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