Inhibition of phosphodiesterase 5 restores endothelial function in renovascular hypertension

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Dias, Ananda T.
Cintra, Amanda S.
Frossard, Jessica C.
Palomino, Zaira [UNIFESP]
Casarini, Dulce Elena [UNIFESP]
Gomes, Isabele B. S.
Balarini, Camille M.
Gava, Agata L.
Campagnaro, Bianca P.
Pereira, Thiago M. C.
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Background: the clipping of an artery supplying one of the two kidneys (2K1C) activates the renin-angiotensin (Ang) system (RAS), resulting in hypertension and endothelial dysfunction. Recently, we demonstrated the intrarenal beneficial effects of sildenafil on the high levels of Ang II and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and on high blood pressure (BP) in 2K1C mice. Thus, in the present study, we tested the hypothesis that sildenafil improves endothelial function in hypertensive 2K1C mice by improving the NO/ROS balance.Methods: 2K1C hypertension was induced in C57BL/6 mice. Two weeks later, they were treated with sildenafil (40 mg/kg/day, via oral) or vehicle for 2 weeks and compared with sham mice. At the end of the treatment, the levels of plasma and intrarenal Ang peptides were measured. Endothelial function and ROS production were assessed in mesenteric arterial bed (MAB).Results: the 2K1C mice exhibited normal plasma levels of Ang I, II and 1-7, whereas the intrarenal Ang I and II were increased (similar to 35% and similar to 140%) compared with the Sham mice. Sildenafil normalized the intrarenal Ang I and II and increased the plasma (similar to 45%) and intrarenal (+15%) Ang 1-7. the 2K1C mice exhibited endothelial dysfunction, primarily due to increased ROS and decreased NO productions by endothelial cells, which were ameliorated by treatment with sildenafil.Conclusion: These data suggest that the effects of sildenafil on endothelial dysfunction in 2K1C mice may be due to interaction with RAS and restoring NO/ROS balance in the endothelial cells from MAB. Thus, sildenafil is a promising candidate drug for the treatment of hypertension accompanied by endothelial dysfunction and kidney disease.
Journal of Translational Medicine. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 12, 14 p., 2014.