Assessing Alcohol Dependence in Hospitalized Patients

Assessing Alcohol Dependence in Hospitalized Patients

Author Doering-Silveira, Juliana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fidalgo, Thiago Marques Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nascimento, Carolina Lins e Silva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Alves, Juliana Bernardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Seito, Caroline Lumy Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Saita, Maria Claudia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Belluzzi, Lorenza Oliveira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Laila Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silveira, Dartiu Xavier da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rosa-Oliveira, Leonardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Alcohol misuse is generally not detected in hospital settings. the goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence in hospitalized patients in a university hospital in São Paulo (Brazil). Patients were randomly selected from all hospital admissions. the final sample consisted of 169 adult inpatients. Two screening tools were used: the Short Alcohol Dependence Data (SADD) and the CAGE questionnaires. in this sample, 25.4% of patients could be considered alcohol dependent according to the CAGE questionnaire, whereas 32.9% of patients fulfilled the criteria according to the SADD. the only predictor of alcohol dependence was gender; male inpatients were 3.2 times more prone to alcohol dependence with female inpatients. All inpatients should be systematically screened for alcohol use disorders. the choice of the screening tool will depend on whether the goal is to identify inpatients with hazardous drinking behaviors or with established alcohol-related problems. To maximize proper case identification, the CAGE questionnaire should be used as a first-step screening tool, and patients who screen positive on this scale should be subsequently administered the SADD questionnaire to assess the severity of the condition.
Keywords alcohol
general hospital
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Date 2014-06-01
Published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Basel: Mdpi Ag, v. 11, n. 6, p. 5783-5791, 2014.
ISSN 1660-4601 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Mdpi Ag
Extent 5783-5791
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000338662600014

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