Does aerobic exercise intensity affect health-related parameters in overweight women?

Does aerobic exercise intensity affect health-related parameters in overweight women?

Author Botero, João Paulo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Prado, Wagner Luiz do Google Scholar
Guerra, Ricardo Luís Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Speretta, Guilherme F. F. Google Scholar
Leite, Richard D. Google Scholar
Prestes, Jonato Google Scholar
Sanz, Adrian V. Google Scholar
Lyons, Scott Google Scholar
Azevedo, Paulo Henrique Silva Marques de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Baldissera, Vilmar Google Scholar
Perez, Sergio E. A. Google Scholar
Dâmaso, Ana Raimunda Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Rozinaldo Galdino da Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Pernambuco
Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
Univ Catolica Brasilia
Coruna Univ
Western Kentucky Univ
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a cycling training programme performed at intensity corresponding to the lowest value of the respiratory quotient (RQ) versus at intensity corresponding to the ventilatory threshold (VT), on body composition and health-related parameters in overweight women. Thirty-two sedentary obese women (27-42years old) were studied in a randomized trial of either RQ (n=17) or VT (n=15). RQ and VT training sessions were equalized by time (60min) and performed in a cycloergometer. Anthropometry, body composition, lipid profile, glucose, basal metabolic rate (BMR) and fitness (maximal oxygen uptake) were evaluated before and after 12weeks of intervention. Body weight, body mass index, fatness and fitness were improved in both groups (P<0001). Triglycerides (TG) levels decreased only in response to RQ (P<0001) and fat-free mass (FFM) to VT (P=0002). No differences were observed between groups. Both exercise intensities seem to be effective for improving health in overweight women. However, low-intensity compared with the high-intensity exercise training appears to have additional benefits on TG levels and to maintenance of FFM.
Keywords Exercise
Obesity
Respiratory quotient
Ventilatory threshold
Weight control
Language English
Date 2014-03-01
Published in Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 34, n. 2, p. 138-142, 2014.
ISSN 1475-0961 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 138-142
Origin https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12076
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000331256200009
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37521

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