Prevalence of Cocaine Use in Brazil: Data from the II Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (BNADS)

Prevalence of Cocaine Use in Brazil: Data from the II Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (BNADS)

Author Abdalla, Renata Rigacci Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Madruga, Clarice S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ribeiro, Marcelo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caetano, Raul Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: To determine the current prevalence rates of cocaine use and dependence in a representative sample of the Brazilian population, and to investigate possible associations with sociodemographic factors.Method: the Second Brazilian Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS) interviewed 4607 individuals aged 14 years and older from the Brazilian household population including an oversample of 1157 adolescents (14 to 18 years old). the survey gathered information on alcohol, tobacco and illegal substances use as well as on risk factors for abuse and dependence. the Severity of Dependence Scale was used to evaluate cocaine dependence rates among users.Results: Last year consumption of crack-cocaine was 22% in the overall population excluding the elderly group. Lifetime and last year prevalence rate of snorted cocaine was 3.9% and 1.7%, respectively. Smoked cocaine use in Brazil was estimated in 15% for lifetime and 0.8% for last year use. Cocaine addiction was identified in 41.4% between users in the prior year.Conclusions: the prevalence rates of snorted and smoked cocaine in Brazil suggests that the country is amongst the nations with greatest annual consumption rates becoming one of the biggest consumer markets of cocaine worldwide. Prevention and treatment policies should take this into consideration and strengthen the focus on cocaine use in the country. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Cocaine
Crack
Household survey
Epidemiology
Addiction
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2014-01-01
Published in Addictive Behaviors. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 39, n. 1, p. 297-301, 2014.
ISSN 0306-4603 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 297-301
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.019
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000329560300041
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37235

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