The impact of speech rate on sentence recognition by elderly individuals
Lessa, Alexandre Hundertmarck
Costa, Maristela Julio [UNIFESP]
Is part ofBrazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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Alternative TitleInfluência da velocidade de fala no reconhecimento de sentenças em idosos
Difficulty understanding speech, particularly in situations unfavorable to communication, is a common complaint among elderly individuals.Objective: to verify the variables connected to hearing loss and stimulus presentation rate and their impact on the speech recognition skills of elderly subjects in quiet and noisy environments.Method: this case-control study included two groups of subjects (31 elderly subjects with normal hearing and 26 with hearing loss) exposed to the List of Sentences in Portuguese and the Slowed List of Sentences in Portuguese tests. Sentence recognition indices were calculated for tests done against noisy and quiet backgrounds at a normal and reduced speech rate. Data sets were submitted to statistical analysis.Results: elderly subjects from both groups had better test results when sentences were played at a slower rate. Statistically significant difference was seen for both groups when the tests were carried out on a quiet background and for the group with hearing loss when tested on a noisy background.Conclusion: regardless of their peripheral hearing, the elderly subjects included in this study were more able to recognize speech when sentences were played at a slower rate against a quiet background. When sentences were played against a noisy background, the elderly subjects with hearing loss had more significant performance improvements than the ones with normal hearing when sentences were played at a slower rate.
CitationBrazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo: Assoc Brasileira Otorrinolaringologia & Cirurgia Cervicofacial, v. 79, n. 6, p. 745-752, 2013.
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