Temporal evolution of acute respiratory distress syndrome definitions

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Fioretto, José Roberto
Carvalho, Werther Brunow de [UNIFESP]
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Objective: to review the evolution of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) definitions and present the current definition for the syndrome.Data source: a literature review and selection of the most relevant articles on ARDS definitions was performed using the MEDLINE (R)/PubMed (R) Resource Guide database (last ten years), in addition to including the most important articles (classic articles) that described the disease evolution.Data synthesis: the review included the following subjects: introduction; importance of definition; description of the first diagnostic criterion and subsequently used definitions, such as acute lung injury score; definition by the American-European Consensus Conference, and its limitations; description of the definition by Delphi, and its problems; accuracy of the aforementioned definitions; description of most recent definition (the Berlin definition), and its limitations; and practical importance of the new definition.Conclusions: ARDS is a serious disease that remains an ongoing diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. the evolution of definitions used to describe the disease shows that studies are needed to validate the current definition, especially in pediatrics, where the data are very scarce. (C) 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Jornal de Pediatria. Rio de Janeiro, Rj: Soc Brasil Pediatria, v. 89, n. 6, p. 523-530, 2013.