Biochemical changes in the liver and gill of Cathorops spixii collected seasonally in two Brazilian estuaries under varying influences of anthropogenic activities

Biochemical changes in the liver and gill of Cathorops spixii collected seasonally in two Brazilian estuaries under varying influences of anthropogenic activities

Author Azevedo, J. S. Google Scholar
Braga, E. S. Google Scholar
Silva de Assis, H. C. Google Scholar
Oliveira Ribeiro, C. A. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Fed Parana
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract In order to understand environmental health by the use of a bioindicator species in estuaries, biochemical responses observed in the catfish Cathorops spixii such as catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were evaluated in liver and muscle. Furthermore, histological changes were also verified in liver and gills preparations. Fish were collected in three sites of the Santos-Sao Vicente estuary located at São Paulo (Brazil), subjected to varying levels of inputs of pollutants. for a reference site, specimens were sampled at Cananeia estuary at southern coast of São Paulo, a region with low anthropogenic influence. in general, no significant seasonal differences in antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation responses were found in the organisms from the Cananeia estuary. However, in the polluted estuary (Santos-Sao Vicente), biochemical responses were observed by increases in GST hydroperoxides and decreases in AChE activities in the summer. Inhibition of AChE expression in fish from different areas of the Santos-Sao Vicente estuary in the summer was also found and can indicate neurotoxic effects in these organisms. Histopathological observation of gill and liver showed severe lesions, such as lamellar fusion and necrosis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords Biomarkers
Histopathology
Biomonitoring
Cathorops
Cananeia
Santos-Sao Vicente
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 2005/50769-2
CAPES: BEX 2176/07-6
CNPq: 305288/2009
Date 2013-10-01
Published in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 96, p. 220-230, 2013.
ISSN 0147-6513 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 220-230
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.06.021
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000323872100032
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36813

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