Brief intervention and decrease of alcohol consumption among women: a systematic review
Gebara, Carla Ferreira de Paula [UNIFESP]
Bhona, Fernanda Monteiro de Castro
Ronzani, Telmo Mota
Lourenco, Lelio Moura
Noto, Ana Regina [UNIFESP]
Is part ofSubstance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy
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Problems related to alcohol consumption are priority public health issues worldwide and may compromise women's health. the early detection of risky alcohol consumption combined with a brief intervention (BI) has shown promising results in prevention for different populations. the aim of this study was to examine data from recent scientific publications on the use of BI toward reducing alcohol consumption among women through a systematic review. Electronic searches were conducted using Web of Science, PubMed(Medline) and PsycInfo databases. in all databases, the term brief intervention was associated with the words alcohol and women, and studies published between the years 2006 and 2011 were selected. Out of the 133 publications found, the 36 scientific articles whose central theme was performing and/or evaluating the effectiveness of BI were included. the full texts were reviewed by content analysis technique. This review identified promising results of BI for women, especially pregnant women and female college students, in different forms of application (face-to-face, by computer or telephone) despite a substantial heterogeneity in the clinical trials analyzed. in primary care, which is a setting involving quite different characteristics, the results among women were rather unclear. in general, the results indicated a decrease in alcohol consumption among women following BI, both in the number of days of consumption and the number of doses, suggesting that the impact on the woman's reproductive health and the lower social acceptance of female consumption can be aspects favorable for the effectiveness of BI in this population.
CitationSubstance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 8, 8 p., 2013.
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