Corneal Hysteresis as a Risk Factor for Glaucoma Progression: A Prospective Longitudinal Study

Corneal Hysteresis as a Risk Factor for Glaucoma Progression: A Prospective Longitudinal Study

Author Medeiros, Felipe A. Google Scholar
Meira-Freitas, Daniel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lisboa, Renato Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kuang, Tung-Mei Google Scholar
Zangwill, Linda M. Google Scholar
Weinreb, Robert N. Google Scholar
Institution Univ Calif San Diego
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Taipei Vet Gen Hosp
Natl Yang Ming Univ
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the role of corneal hysteresis (CH) as a risk factor for the rate of visual field progression in a cohort of patients with glaucoma followed prospectively over time.Design: Prospective observational cohort study.Participants: the study group included 114 eyes of 68 patients with glaucoma followed for an average of 4.0 +/- 1.1 years. Visual fields were obtained with standard automated perimetry. Included eyes had a median number of 7 (range, 5-12) tests during follow-up.Methods: the CH measurements were acquired at baseline using the Ocular Response Analyzer (Reichert Instruments, Depew, NY). Evaluation of rates of visual field change during follow-up was performed using the visual field index (VFI). Linear mixed models were used to investigate the relationship between rates of visual field loss and baseline CH, baseline intraocular pressure (IOP), and central corneal thickness (CCT), while adjusting for potentially confounding factors. An interaction term between IOP and CH was included in the model to investigate whether the effect of IOP on rates of progression depended on the level of CH.Main Outcome Measures: Effects of CH, IOP, and CCT on rates of VFI loss over time.Results: the CH had a significant effect on rates of visual field progression over time. in the univariable model including only CH as a predictive factor along with time and their interaction, each 1 mmHg lower CH was associated with a 0.25%/year faster rate of VFI decline over time (P<0.001). the multivariable model showed that the effect of IOP on rates of progression depended on CH. Eyes with high IOP and low CH were at increased risk for having fast rates of disease progression. the CH explained a larger proportion of the variation in slopes of VFI change than CCT (17.4% vs. 5.2%, respectively).Conclusions: the CH measurements were significantly associated with risk of glaucoma progression. Eyes with lower CH had faster rates of visual field loss than those with higher CH. the prospective longitudinal design of this study supports the role of CH as an important factor to be considered in the assessment of the risk of progression in patients with glaucoma. (c) 2013 by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Language English
Sponsor Reichert, Inc
Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.
National Institutes of Health/National Eye Institute
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Research to Prevent Blindness (New York, NY)
Alcon
Allergan
Pfizer
Merck
Santen
Grant number National Institutes of Health/National Eye Institute: EY021818
National Institutes of Health/National Eye Institute: EY11008
National Institutes of Health/National Eye Institute: EY14267
CAPES: BEX 1066/11-0
Date 2013-08-01
Published in Ophthalmology. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 120, n. 8, p. 1533-1540, 2013.
ISSN 0161-6420 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 1533-1540
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.032
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000322778000011
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36607

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