Asynchrony and Hyperinflation in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease During Two Types of Upper Limbs Exercise

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2013-06-01
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Castro, Antonio A. M. [UNIFESP]
Porto, Elias F. [UNIFESP]
Feltrim, Maria I. Z.
Jardim, Jose Roberto [UNIFESP]
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Introduction: Occurrence of dynamic hyperinflation during upper-limbs exercises in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients it is not well established. We hypothesized that dynamic hyperinflation and thoracoabdominal asynchrony occurs in COPD patients accomplishing arms exercises. We assessed the occurrence and association of dynamic hyperinflation and thoracoabdominal asynchrony in COPD patients during the accomplishment of two arm exercises.Patients and methods: This was a prospective study with 25 COPD patients. A maximal and a sub-maximal upper limbs exercise test with 50% load were performed with the diagonal technique and the arm cycle ergometer technique. Respiratory pattern, thoracoabdominal configuration and dynamic hyperinflation were assessed in the exercise tests.Results: Thirty per cent and 60% of patients hyperinflated at the end of the sub-maximum exercise tests with the diagonal and cycle ergometer techniques, respectively. Thoracoabdominal asynchrony occurred in 80% and 100% of patients who hyperinflated with the diagonal and cycle ergometer techniques, respectively. for both exercises we found enhancement of pulmonary ventilation, dyspnea, central respiratory drive and shortening of expiratory time (P<.05). Upper-limbs exercises with the diagonal technique presented less number of patients with these alterations.Conclusions: Dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation and thoracoabdominal asynchrony association occurred in both upper-limbs exercises; however, the diagonal technique developed less dynamic hyperinflation and thoracoabdominal asynchrony in COPD patients than the arm cycle ergometer. (C) 2012 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved.
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Archivos de Bronconeumologia. Barcelona: Ediciones Doyma S A, v. 49, n. 6, p. 241-248, 2013.
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