Immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural characteristics of nerve endings in the oral mucosa of rat

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Watanabe, Ii-Sei
Dias, Fernando Jose
Mardegan Issa, Joao Paulo
Santos Haemmerle, Carlos Alexandre dos
Cury, Diego Pulzatto
Takada, Silvia Honda
Kronka Sosthenes, Marcia Consentino
Silva, Marcelo Cavenaghi Pereira da [UNIFESP]
Campos, Leila M. G.
Nogueira, Maria Ines
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The sensory nerve endings of the rat tongue, cheek and palate were studied using immunohistochemical staining and transmission electron microscopy analysis. the specimens were fixed in modified Karnovsky solution and embedded in Spurr resin. Substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP b9.5)-containing nerve fibers in the rat tongue, cheek and palate were examined by electronic microscopical analysis and immunohistochemical localization. These fibers run very close to the basal lamina of the epithelium and extend into the filliform and fungiform papillae. Numerous plexiform fibers immunoreactive for substance P, CGRP and PGP 9.5 were found in the connective tissue of mucosa. Electron microscopic observations showed clearly immunostained nerve fibers, which are located very close to the basal lamina of epithelial cells. Some electron-dense granules may be observed in the axoplasms of both substance P and CGRP immunoreactive fibers. Several lamellar corpuscles into the subepithelial connective tissue papillae, Merkel corpuscles and numerous thin unmyelinated and myelinated axons were observed. the terminal axons revealed numerous mitochondria, neurofilaments, microtubules and clear vesicles in the base of axoplasmic protrusions. the lamellar cells showed caveolae and interlamelar spaces filled by amorphous substance. Between the lamellar cells and axoplasmic membrane, and in the adjacent lamellae region, desmosome-type junctions were observed. the quantitative and morphometric analysis showed nerve endings with an average area of 4.83 +/- 3.4 mu m(2) and 19.4 internal mitochondria in this site and the organized corpuscles with an average area of 79.24 +/- 27.24 mu m(2) and 24.23 internal mitochondria in this place. All the structures observed are involved in the transmission of pain and mechanoreceptors stimulus of these oral mucosae.
Journal of Electron Microscopy. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press, v. 62, n. 2, p. 259-270, 2013.