Unraveling the antifungal activity of a South American rattlesnake toxin crotamine

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Yamane, Érica Sayuri [UNIFESP]
Bizerra, Fernando César [UNIFESP]
Oliveira, Eduardo B.
Moreira, Jéssica Tanaka [UNIFESP]
Rajabi, Mohsen
Nunes, Gabriel Luiz Cocco [UNIFESP]
Souza, Ana O. de
Silva, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da [UNIFESP]
Yamane, Tetsuo
Karpel, Richard L.
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Crotamine is a highly basic peptide from the venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus rattlesnake. Its common gene ancestry and structural similarity with the beta-defensins, mainly due to an identical disulfide bond pattern, stimulated us to assess the antimicrobial properties of native, recombinant, and chemically synthesized crotamine. Antimicrobial activities against standard strains and clinical isolates were analyzed by the colorimetric microdilution method showing a weak antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria [MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) of 50->200 mu g/mL], with the exception of Micrococcus luteus [MIC ranging from 1 to 2 mu g/mL]. No detectable activity was observed for the filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus and Trichophyton rubrum at concentrations up to 125 mu g/mL. However, a pronounced antifungal activity against Candida spp., Trichosporon spp., and Cryptococcus neoformans [12.5-50.0 mu g/mL] was observed. Chemically produced synthetic crotamine in general displayed MIC values similar to those observed for native crotamine, whereas recombinant crotamine was overridingly more potent in most assays. On the other hand, derived short linear peptides were not very effective apart from a few exceptions. Pronounced ultrastructure alteration in Candida albicans elicited by crotamine was observed by electron microscopy analyses. the peculiar specificity for highly proliferating cells was confirmed here showing potential low cytotoxic effect of crotamine against nontumoral mammal cell lines (HEK293, PC12, and primary culture astrocyte cells) compared to tumoral B16F10 cells, and no hemolytic activity was observed. Taken together these results suggest that, at low concentration, crotamine is a potentially valuable anti-yeast or candicidal agent, with low harmful effects on normal mammal cells, justifying further studies on its mechanisms of action aiming medical and industrial applications. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Biochimie. Paris: Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier, v. 95, n. 2, p. 231-240, 2013.