CNP and DPYSL2 mRNA Expression and Promoter Methylation Levels in Brain of Alzheimer's Disease Patients

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Silva, Patricia Natalia [UNIFESP]
Furuya, Tatiane Katsue [UNIFESP]
Braga, Ianna Sampaio [UNIFESP]
Rasmussen, Lucas Trevizani
Labio, Roger Willian de
Bertolucci, Paulo Henrique [UNIFESP]
Chen, Elizabeth Suchi [UNIFESP]
Turecki, Gustavo
Mechawar, Naguib
Payao, Spencer Luiz [UNIFESP]
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a highly prevalent type of dementia in the elderly population. AD is a complex neurodegenerative disorder. Thus, epigenetic mechanisms that regulate gene expression might have an important role in AD. CNP (2',3'-Cyclic Nucleotide 3' Phosphodiesterase) gene encodes a protein used as an index of myelin alterations. DPYSL2 (Dihydropyrimidinase-like 2) is described as acting in structural and regulatory processes in the central nervous system, such as neural differentiation, neurotransmitter release, and stabilization of microtubules. in this study, we evaluated gene expression and epigenetic regulation of CNP and DPYSL2 genes in three postmortem brain regions (entorhinal and auditory cortices and hippocampus) of AD patients and healthy elderly controls. mRNA quantification was performed using qRT-PCR, and promoter DNA methylation patterns were determined by mass spectrometry using the Sequenom EpiTYPER platform. We observed CNP mRNA downregulation in entorhinal and auditory cortex in relation to the same regions of the control group. CNP alterations in the brain might suggest impairment in myelination leading to a synaptic and cognition loss. No AD-associated differences in CNP and DPYSL2 promoter DNA methylation were observed, suggesting that other mechanisms may be involved in mediating the observed CNP gene expression.
Journal of Alzheimers Disease. Amsterdam: Ios Press, v. 33, n. 2, p. 349-355, 2013.