Morphological variations of hippocampal formation in epilepsy: Image, clinical and electrophysiological data

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2013-01-01
Autores
Andrade Hamad, Ana Paula [UNIFESP]
Carrete, Henrique [UNIFESP]
Bianchin, Marino Muxfeldt
Ferrari-Marinho, Taissa [UNIFESP]
Lin, Katia [UNIFESP]
Targas Yacubian, Elza Marcia [UNIFESP]
Pereira Vilanova, Luiz Celso [UNIFESP]
Garzon, Eliana [UNIFESP]
Caboclo, Luis Otavio [UNIFESP]
Sakamoto, Americo Ceiki [UNIFESP]
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Morphological variations of hippocampal formation (MVHF) are observed in patients with epilepsy but also in asymptomatic individuals. the precise role of these findings in epilepsy is not yet fully understood. This study analyzes the hippocampal formation (HF) morphology of asymptomatic individuals (n = 30) and of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) (n = 68), patients with malformations of cortical development (MCD) (n = 34), or patients with pure morphological variations of hippocampal formation (pure MVHF) (n = 12). Main clinical and electrophysiological data of patients with MVHF were also analyzed. Morphological variations of hippocampal formation are more frequently observed in patients with MCD than in patients with MTLE-HS or in asymptomatic individuals. Patients with pure morphological variations of hippocampal formation showed higher incidence of extratemporal seizure onset. Refractoriness seems to be more associated with other abnormalities, like HS or MCD, than with the HF variation itself. Thus, although morphological HF abnormalities might play a role in epileptogenicity, they seem to contribute less to refractoriness. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 26, n. 1, p. 67-70, 2013.
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