Acupuncture for tension-type headache in pregnancy: A prospective, randomized, controlled study
Silva, João Bosco Guerreiro da
Nakamura, Mary Uchiyama [UNIFESP]
Cordeiro, Jose Antonio
Kulay Júnior, Luiz [UNIFESP]
Is part ofEuropean Journal of Integrative Medicine
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Acupuncture for tension-type headache in pregnancy: a prospective, randomized, controlled study.Aim: This study was undertaken to test, under real-life conditions, the effects of acupuncture on headaches during pregnancy and compare this with a group of patients undergoing conventional treatment alone.Methodology: Forty-three conventionally treated (lifestyle modifications and stretching) pregnant women were randomly allocated into two groups to routine care or acupuncture. the severity and disability caused by this pain and its affect on mood, sleep and work were assessed using a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). the main end-point was the mean difference between the first and the last interview after eight weeks of treatment. Secondary end points were the changes over time in the NRS assessments of pain intensity, disturbances in mood, sleep and working and the use of medications.Differences between initial and final sessions were analyzed by a two-sample test. Changes over time in the NRS assessment were analyzed by the Fisher exact test. Mood's test for medians was used and a p-value < 0.05 indicated a significant difference.Results: All women completed the treatment. No important adverse effects related to acupuncture treatment or to pregnancy's outcome were reported. Significant improvements were demonstrated for pain at the end of the trial in the study group, 3.9 vs 1.7 difference in favor to acupuncture group (p < 0.05). This group also used less medication and had a greater improvement in mood and sleep when compared with the control group.Conclusions: This study suggests acupuncture alleviates tension-type headaches during pregnancy. (C) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
CitationEuropean Journal of Integrative Medicine. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 4, n. 4, p. E366-E370, 2012.
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