Evaluation of the genetic diversity of Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum isolates from north-eastern Brazil

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Brilhante, Raimunda S. N.
Ribeiro, Joyce F.
Lima, Rita A. C.
Castelo-Branco, Debora S. C. M.
Soares, Rodrigo Martins
Mesquita, Jaco R. L.
Grangeiro, Thalles Barbosa
Camargo, Zoilo P. de [UNIFESP]
Cordeiro, Rossana A.
Rocha, Marcos F. G.
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Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, there has been a significant increase in the number of histoplasmosis cases in Ceara, a state in north-east Brazil. the lack of epidemiological data on the genotypes circulating in the north-east region shows the importance of more detailed studies on the molecular epidemiology of Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum in this region. Different molecular techniques have been used to better characterize the genetic profile of H. capsulatum var. capsulatum strains. the aim of this study was to analyse the genetic diversity of H. capsulatum var. capsulatum isolates in Fortaleza, the capital of Ceara, through the sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS)1-5.8S-ITS2 region, and establish the molecular profile of these isolates, along with strains from south-east Brazil, by RAPD analysis, featuring the different clusters in those regions. the isolates were grouped into two clusters. Cluster 1 included strains from the south-east and north-east regions with separation of isolates into three distinct subgroups (subgroups 1a, 1 b and 1 c). Cluster 2 included only samples from north-east Brazil. Sequencing of the ITS1 -5.8S-ITS2 region allowed the detection of two major clades, which showed geographical correlation between them and their subgroups. Therefore, it can be concluded that the H. capsulatum var. capsulatum isolates from Ceara have a high degree of genetic polymorphism. the molecular data also confirm that populations of this fungus are composed of different genotypes in Brazil and worldwide.
Journal of Medical Microbiology. Reading: Soc General Microbiology, v. 61, n. 12, p. 1688-1695, 2012.