Use of licit and illicit substances among adolescents in Brazil - A national survey

Use of licit and illicit substances among adolescents in Brazil - A national survey

Author Madruga, Clarice S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caetano, Raul Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Zaleski, Marcos Google Scholar
Ferri, Cleusa P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Kings Coll London
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Abstract Objective: We estimate the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illegal substance use in a national representative sample of adolescents. We also estimate how socio demographic characteristics, household environment and mental health are associated with substance misuse.Method: This is a cross-sectional study using data from the first Brazilian National Alcohol Survey, which gathered information on the use of psychoactive substances in 761 participants aged 14 to 19 years old. Weighted logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios.Results: More than half of the adolescents interviewed were regular alcohol users and one out of ten were abusers and/or dependents. Older male adolescents living in urban areas were more likely to present alcohol related disorders and to smoke. Age had an inverse association with illegal substance use. Smokers and those using illegal substances were more likely to report domestic violence while those with alcohol abuse/dependence were more likely to have depression.Conclusions: the high prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit substance consumption among Brazilian adolescents is staggering. Young males with mood disorders from urban areas are more at risk of developing alcohol disorders while illegal drug use is highly associated to household dysfunction in early life. Brazilian growing economy will possibly lead to increased levels of substance use among adolescents if new prevention measures are not implemented. the intensification of law enforcement strategies to reduce psychotropic substances access is required. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Brazil
Adolescence
Alcohol
Tobacco
Depression
Language English
Sponsor Brazilian Government National Anti-Drug Secretary (SENAD)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2012-10-01
Published in Addictive Behaviors. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 37, n. 10, p. 1171-1175, 2012.
ISSN 0306-4603 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 1171-1175
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.05.008
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000307205200016
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35358

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