The Effects of Meditation-Based Interventions on the Treatment of Fibromyalgia

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Kozasa, Elisa H. [UNIFESP]
Tanaka, Luiza H. [UNIFESP]
Monson, Carlos [UNIFESP]
Little, Stephen
Leao, Frederico Camelo
Peres, Mario P. [UNIFESP]
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Meditation is the third most commonly requested complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy reported in a US survey. Those who suffer from chronic pain are those who most frequently use CAM therapies. This review aims to evaluate whether meditation-based interventions can help the treatment of fibromyalgia. A PubMed search was conducted using the terms fibromyalgia and meditation, or mindfulness, or mantra or relaxation response. We selected articles which clearly described a meditation intervention being used in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Only four articles were classified with score 3 in the Jadad scale. Another seven articles were included in this review. Most of the results indicate improvement in fibromyalgia-related symptoms in patients who participated in a meditation-based intervention. Considering only 4 of the 13 studies achieved a score of 3 on the Jadad scale, researchers of meditation interventions should discuss the best methodologic control for these studies.
Current Pain and Headache Reports. Philadelphia: Current Medicine Group, v. 16, n. 5, p. 383-387, 2012.