Pelvic floor muscle training to improve urinary incontinence in young, nulliparous sport students: a pilot study

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Da Roza, Thuane
Araujo, Maita Poli de [UNIFESP]
Viana, Rui
Viana, Sara
Jorge, Renato Natal
Bo, Kari
Mascarenhas, Teresa
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Urinary incontinence (UI) is prevalent in sport students. We hypothesized that pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) can improve pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and symptoms of UI in this group of physically active women.Sixteen sport students with UI participated in this pre-post test pilot study. However, only seven of them, mean age 20.0 +/- 0.8 years, completed the 8-week program. Activity level was measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF). the outcome measure was the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ UI SF). PFM strength was measured by manometry as maximum voluntary contraction (MVC).Vaginal resting pressure improved by 17.4 cmH(2)O (SD 6.7), p = 0.04 and MVC by 16.4 cmH(2)O (SD 5.8), p = 0.04. ICIQ UI SF score, frequency, and amount of leakage showed statistically significant improvement.PFMT increased PFM strength and reduced frequency and amount of UI episodes in sport students that completed an 8-week PFMT program. Randomized controlled trials are warranted to confirm these results.
International Urogynecology Journal. London: Springer London Ltd, v. 23, n. 8, p. 1069-1073, 2012.