Underdetection of Psychiatric Disorders During Prenatal Care: A Survey of Adolescents in São Paulo, Brazil

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2012-01-01
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Chalem, Elisa [UNIFESP]
Mitsuhiro, Sandro S. [UNIFESP]
Manzolli, Patricia
Barros, Marina C. M. [UNIFESP]
Guinsburg, Ruth [UNIFESP]
Sass, Nelson [UNIFESP]
Laranjeira, Ronaldo [UNIFESP]
Ferri, Cleusa P. [UNIFESP]
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Purpose: This study estimates the prevalence of common mental disorders and the proportion and potential determinants of detection among adolescents attending prenatal care.Methods: We recruited 930 consecutive adolescents admitted for obstetric care, of which 457 participants had attended the hospital's prenatal care unit. Common mental disorders were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (version 2.1). A detailed review of prenatal care records was used to identify detection of psychiatric disorders by prenatal healthcare professionals.Results: A total of 103 adolescents (22.5%) had some mental disorder but only one-fifth of them had had their psychiatric disorder detected during prenatal care. the most frequent diagnosis using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (version 2.1) was depression (13.5% or 62), but only 21% had been detected. Alcohol and drug dependence were the least common mental disorders (2.4%), but they were the most commonly detected (45.5%). Physical chronic condition increased the likelihood of detecting psychiatric disorder.Conclusion: Mental health is not yet recognized as an integral component of practice in prenatal care. Given the potential effect of antenatal psychiatric morbidity on maternal and child outcomes, especially among adolescents, practice needs to be changed and prenatal care professionals trained in the recognition and basic treatment of common mental disorders. (C) 2012 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. All rights reserved.
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Journal of Adolescent Health. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 50, n. 1, p. 93-96, 2012.
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