Knowledge about epilepsy among health professionals: a cross-sectional survey in São Paulo, Brazil

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2012-01-01
Autores
Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz [UNIFESP]
Benedito-Silva, Ana Amelia
Sousa, Bolivar Saldanha [UNIFESP]
Silva, Sergio Gomes da [UNIFESP]
Souza-Vancini, Maria Iones
Vancini-Campanharo, Cassia Regina [UNIFESP]
Cabral, Francisco Romero
Lima, Cristiano de [UNIFESP]
Barbosa de Lira, Claudio Andre
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Objective: To evaluate the epilepsy knowledge among health professionals in São Paulo, Brazil.Design: This is a cross-sectional study.Participants: Professionals with academic degrees in physical education (n=134), nutrition (n=116), medicine (n=100), psychology (n=53), nursing (n=122) and physiotherapy (n=99) who lived in São Paulo City, Brazil.Primary and secondary outcome measures: Knowledge of health professionals about epilepsy.Methods: Professionals with academic degrees in physical education (n=134), nutrition (n=116), medicine (n=100), psychology (n=53), nursing (n=122) and physiotherapy (n=99) who lived in São Paulo City, Brazil, were invited to participate in the study. the subjects (n=624) answered a questionnaire composed of 25 simple closed-ended questions from three areas: personal, educational and knowledge.Results: Out of all subjects, 88.5% (n=552) had a postgraduate education, while 11.5% (n=72) had only an undergraduate degree. the authors found that physical educators, nutritionists and physiotherapists received lower scores on their epilepsy knowledge than other health professionals.Conclusions: Health professionals are considered better-educated group inside the society, especially with regards to healthcare issues. Thus, it is important they also have an accurate and correct knowledge about epilepsy. the findings of the present study indicate an imperative improvement in education about epilepsy, as well as an inclusion of formal programmes for epilepsy education especially for non-medical professionals. An improvement in epilepsy education might contribute to an improvement in epilepsy care and management.
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Bmj Open. London: Bmj Publishing Group, v. 2, n. 2, 6 p., 2012.
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