Self-esteem in patients with diabetes mellitus and foot ulcers
Salome, Geraldo Magela [UNIFESP]
Souza Pellegrino, Donata Maria de
Ferreira, Lydia Masako
Is part ofJournal of Tissue Viability
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Aim: To evaluate self-esteem in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) and foot ulcers.Methods: This was a controlled, cross-sectional, analytical study. We selected 50 individuals with DM and foot ulcers (study group), as well as 50 with DM and without foot ulcers (control group). Self-esteem was evaluated using the Federal University of São Paulo/Paulista School of Medicine Portuguese-language version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, on which scores range from 0 to 30, higher scores indicating Lower self-esteem.Results: of the individuals evaluated, 27 (54%) of those in the study group and 31 (62%) of those in the control group were classified as being of low socioeconomic status (monthly income at or above, but less than double, the national minimum wage). in addition, 27 (54%) of the study group patients had type 2 DM, compared with 29 (58%) of those in the control group. Hypertension was observed in 31(62%) of the study group patients and 29 (58%) of the control group patients. of the patients in the study group, 33 (66%) had been diagnosed with heart disease, compared with 23 (46%) of those in the control group. High Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale scores (21-30) were more common in the study group, being observed in 30 (60%) of the patients, whereas 33 (66%) of the control group patients had low scores (0-10).Conclusion: Foot ulcers appear to have a negative impact on the self-esteem of patients with DM. (C) 2010 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationJournal of Tissue Viability. Oxford: Elsevier B.V., v. 20, n. 3, p. 100-106, 2011.
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