Upper Blepharoplasty With or Without Resection of the Orbicularis Oculi Muscle: A Randomized Double-Blind Left-Right Study

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Data
2011-05-01
Autores
Damasceno, Renato Wendell [UNIFESP]
Cariello, Angelino Julio [UNIFESP]
Cardoso, Emmerson Badaro [UNIFESP]
Viana, Giovanni Andre [UNIFESP]
Osaki, Midori Hentona [UNIFESP]
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Purpose: To compare the aesthetic outcomes of the upper blepharoplasty with or without resection of the preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle.Methods: An interventional randomized double-blind left-right study was conducted in 15 consecutive patients with dermatochalasis of the upper eyelid. One side was randomly chosen for resection of the preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle (group 1). the orbicularis oculi muscle of the contralateral side was preserved (group 2). All patients scored differences between both sides on the seventh day, the thirtieth day, and the ninetieth day after the surgery regarding the following symptoms: edema, hematoma, itching, and pain. Three masked ophthalmic plastic specialists analyzed the aesthetic outcomes by the visual analogical scale.Results: the scoring of symptoms was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 on the seventh postoperative day. On the thirtieth and ninetieth days, there were no significant differences between groups 1 and 2. the analysis by 3 masked observers showed that the aesthetic result was worse in group 1 than in group 2 on the seventh postoperative day. There were no significant differences between groups 1 and 2 on the thirtieth and ninetieth days.Conclusions: Upper blepharoplasty causes more postoperative symptoms and presents worse initial aesthetic outcome when the preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle is excised. However, the final aesthetic outcome is the same when the preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle is excised or preserved. (Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2011; 27:195-197)
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Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 27, n. 3, p. 195-197, 2011.
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