Determination of Adhesin Gene Sequences in, and Biofilm Formation by, O157 and Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Different Sources
Biscola, Franciele Tafarello [UNIFESP]
Abe, Cecilia Mari [UNIFESP]
Cabilio Guth, Beatriz Ernestina [UNIFESP]
Is part ofApplied and Environmental Microbiology
MetadataShow full item record
Biofilm formation by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has been associated with the expression of different adhesins (type 1 fimbria, curli, Ag43, Cah, and EhaA). in this study, biofilm formation and the presence of adhesin-related gene sequences were determined by PCR in 18 O157 strains and 33 non-O157 strains isolated from different sources (human, animal, food, and water). the expression of different adhesins was also assessed by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), Congo red agar plates, and mannose-sensitive hemagglutination (MSHA) assay. Biofilm formation occurred in 5/18 (28%) O157 STEC strains and 17/33 (51%) non-O157 STEC strains from different serotypes and sources, when the assays were performed at 28 degrees C for 48 h. Among the non-O157 biofilm-producing isolates, 12/17 (71%) expressed type 1 fimbriae and 11/17 (65%) expressed curli and produced cellulose, while 8/17 (47%) were considered to be Ag43(+) by RT-PCR. Among O157 strains, a close correlation was observed between biofilm formation and expression of curli and cellulose. in non-O157 strains, it seems that, in addition to the presence of curli, the ability to form biofilm is associated with the presence of other factors such as type 1 fimbriae and autotransporter proteins, which may contribute to the persistence of these organisms in the environment.
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 77, n. 7, p. 2201-2208, 2011.
SponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
- EPM - Artigos