Effect of 12 weeks of training on critical velocity and maximal lactate steady state in swimmers

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2011-01-01
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Machado, Marcus Vinícius
Andries Júnior, Orival
Marques, Alessandro Custódio
Colantonio, Emilson [UNIFESP]
Cyrino, Edilson Seperloni
Mello, Marco Tulio de [UNIFESP]
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The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 weeks of training on the critical velocity and maximal lactate steady state of elite swimmers. the tests to determine critical velocity and maximal lactate steady state were performed before and after 12 weeks of training. Critical velocity after 12 weeks of training was significantly higher than before training (1.45 +/- 0.10 m center dot s-1 vs. 1.41 +/- 0.11 m center dot s-1). in contrast, no significant differences in the velocity at maximal lactate steady state were observed before and after training (1.41 +/- 0.10 m center dot s-1 vs. 1.43 +/- 0.10 m center dot s-1). There was also a decrease in mean lactate concentration after 12 weeks of training. Before training, the velocity at maximal lactate steady state occurred at 100% of critical velocity, with a mean lactate concentration of 4.34 mmol center dot l-1. After training, the velocity at maximal lactate steady state occurred at 98% of critical velocity, with a reduced mean lactate concentration of 3.69 mmol center dot l-1. Based on these results, it would appear that 12 weeks of training was enough to promote an increase in critical velocity. Although no significant differences in the velocity at maximal lactate steady state were observed before and after training, the decrease in mean lactate concentration after training demonstrated greater efficiency of the aerobic system, leading to less wear during the tests.
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European Journal of Sport Science. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 11, n. 3, p. 165-170, 2011.
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