STRAIN DIFFERENCES in BAROCEPTOR REFLEX in ADULT WISTAR KYOTO RATS
Valenti, Vitor Engrácia [UNIFESP]
Abreu, Luiz Carlos de
Ferreira, Celso [UNIFESP]
Is part ofClinics
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OBJECTIVES: A subset of normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats show lower baroreflex sensitivity; however, no previous study investigated whether there are differences in baroreflex sensitivity within this subset. Our study compared baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of this specific subtype.METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats (16 weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between change in HR and MAP variation (Delta HR/Delta MAP) in response to a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50 mu g/kg, i.v.) and a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8 mu g/kg, i.v.). Rats were divided into four groups: 1) low bradycardic baroreflex (LB), baroreflex gain (BG) between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2) high bradycardic baroreflex (HB), BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 3) low tachycardic baroreflex (LT), BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP and; 4) high tachycardic baroreflex (HT), BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP Significant differences were considered for p < 0.05.RESULTS: Approximately 37% of the rats showed a reduced bradycardic peak, bradycardic reflex and decreased bradycardic gain of baroreflex while roughly 23% had a decreased basal HR, tachycardic peak, tachycardic reflex and reduced sympathetic baroreflex gain. No significant alterations were noted with regard to basal MAPCONCLUSION: There is variability regarding baroreflex sensitivity among WKY rats from the same laboratory.
CitationClinics. São Paulo: Hospital Clinicas, Univ São Paulo, v. 65, n. 2, p. 203-208, 2010.
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
SponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
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