Molecular characterization and intracellular distribution of the alpha 5 subunit of Trypanosoma cruzi 20S proteasome

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Gutierrez, Bessy
Osorio, Luis
Motta, Maria Cristina M.
Huima-Byron, Telervo
Erdjument-Bromage, Heydeie
Munoz, Christian
Sagua, Hernan
Mortara, Renato A. [UNIFESP]
Echeverria, Alex
Araya, Jorge E.
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Three different monoclonal antibodies were produced against Trypanosona cruzi proteasomes. These antibodies were shown to react with a single 27-kDa hand on immunoblots of purified proteasomes. Using a 7E5 monoclonal antibody (IgG1) that recognized the alpha 5 subunit of protozoan protease we have studied the intracellular distribution of the T cruzi 20S proteasome. Contrary to all cell types described to date, T cruzi 20S proteasome was found not only in the cytoplasm and nucleus but also in the kinetoplast. As revealed by confocal microscopy, the reactivity of monoclonal antibody 7E5 was highly specific for protozoan proteasome because the antibody recognized only the proteasomes from parasites and not those from the mammalian host in T. cruzi infected cells. These findings were confirmed by immunoblots or immunoprecipitations, followed by chymotrypsin-like activity detection in kinetoplasts isolated by differential centrifugation and sucrose density gradients. Proteasome 20S was present in all T cruzi stages and only slight differences in terms of relative abundance were found. the potential role of the proteasome in kinetoplast remodeling remains to be determined. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Parasitology International. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 58, n. 4, p. 367-374, 2009.