Pseudoaminopterin Syndrome: Clinical Report With New Characteristics

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Sobreira, N.
Cernach, M. [UNIFESP]
Batista, D.
Brunoni, D. [UNIFESP]
Perez, A. [UNIFESP]
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Fetuses exposed to aminopterin during the 8th-9th week of development may show aminopterin embryophathy (AE). Surviving children have a specific phenotype that includes unusual face, skull, and skeletal abnormalities. Fraser et al. [Fraser et al. (1987); Clin Genet 32:28-34] described two children with multiple malformations characteristic of the aminopterin syndrome but without history of exposure to aminopterin in the mothers and suggested that this represents a new syndrome, the aminopterin syndrome-like sine aminopterin (ASSA) syndrome. Here we describe a 9-year-old girl, born to unaffected first cousin parents. She has short stature, microcephaly, broad forehead with high hair implantation; sparse and fine hair, areas of alopecia; arched eyebrows with upturned hair, synophris; ocular hypertelorism, epicanthal folds, palpebral ptosis; oligodontia; low-set and small ears with hypoplasia of antihelices; brachydactyly, clinodactyly of both 4th and 5th fingers; hypoplasia of the 4th metacarpal and clinodactyly of the 4th and 5th toes; overlap of the second over the third toe; bilateral hip luxation; patent foramen ovale; left posterior diaphragmatic hernia, absence of spleen and horseshoe kidney. She, her mother and her brother have a karyotype of 46,XX, with an inv(9)(p12q13) polymorphism. Although this patient has some characteristics did not described before in patients with ASSA such as, palpebral ptosis, oligodontia, left posterior diaphragmatic hernia, absence of spleen, and horseshoe kidney, her phenotype strongly suggest she has the pseudoaminopterin syndrome. However, we do not exclude the possibility that this is a different condition not described previously. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A. Hoboken: Wiley-liss, v. 149A, n. 12, p. 2843-2848, 2009.