Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMercadante, Marcos T. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorEvans-Lacko, Sara
dc.contributor.authorPaula, Cristiane S.
dc.identifier.citationCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 22, n. 5, p. 469-474, 2009.
dc.description.abstractPurpose of reviewThe prevalence of intellectual disability is an estimated 1-4% worldwide. Etiological factors such as malnutrition, lack of perinatal care, and exposure to toxic and infectious agents, which are more common in low-income and middle-income (LAMI) countries, may contribute to a higher prevalence of intellectual disability in Latin America. This review summarizes the data on intellectual disability coming from Latin America, which is published in scientific journals and is available from official websites and discusses potential health policy and services implications of these studies.Recent findingsMethodologically rigorous studies on intellectual disability in Latin America are lacking. This paucity of basic epidemiological information is a barrier to policy and services development and evaluation around intellectual disability. Only two studies, one from Chile and another from Jamaica, allow for adequate population estimates of intellectual disability. Interestingly, the countries with the highest scientific production in Latin America, Brazil and Mexico, did not produce the most informative research in epidemiology, policy or services related to intellectual disability.SummaryThe main conclusion of this review is that a lack of scientific evidence makes it difficult to properly characterize the context of intellectual disability in Latin America. Insufficient data is also a barrier to policy and services development for governments in Latin America. Although recently there have been efforts to develop government programs to meet the needs of the intellectual disability population in Latin America, the effectiveness of these programs is questionable without proper evaluation. There is a need for studies that characterize the needs of people with intellectual disability specifically in Latin America, and future research in this area should emphasize how it can inform current and future policies and services for people with intellectual disability.en
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.relation.ispartofCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
dc.rightsAcesso restrito
dc.subjectintellectual disabilityen
dc.subjectLatin Americaen
dc.titlePerspectives of intellectual disability in Latin American countries: epidemiology, policy, and services for children and adultsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institutionKings Coll London
dc.contributor.institutionUniv Prebiteriana Mackenzie
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Psychiat, EPM, BR-04038031 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationKings Coll London, Inst Psychiat, Hlth Serv & Populat Res Dept, London WC2R 2LS, England
dc.description.affiliationUniv Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Dev Disorder Post Grad Program, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifespUniversidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Psychiat, EPM, BR-04038031 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record