Glimepiride as insulin sensitizer: increased liver and muscle responses to insulin
Mori, R. C. T.
Hirabara, S. M.
Hirata, A. E. [UNIFESP]
Okamoto, M. M.
Machado, U. F.
Is part ofDiabetes Obesity & Metabolism
MetadataShow full item record
Aim: Glimepiride, a low-potency insulin secretagogue, is as efficient on glycaemic control as other sulphonylureas, suggesting an additional insulin-sensitizer role. the aim of the present study was to confirm the insulin-sensitizer role of glimepiride and to show extra-pancreatic effects of the drug.Methods: Three-month-old monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced obese insulin-resistant rats were treated (OG) or not treated (O) with glimepiride for 4 weeks and compared with age-matched non-obese rats (C). Insulin sensitivity in whole body, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) protein content, glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in oxidative skeletal muscle and phospho-glycogen synthase kinase (p-GSK3) and glycogen content in liver were analysed.Results: Insulin sensitivity, analysed by the insulin tolerance test, was 30% lower in O than in C rats (p < 0.05), and OG rats recovered this parameter (p < 0.05). in oxidative muscle, glimepiride increased the GLUT4 protein content (50%, p < 0.001) and recovered the obesity-induced reduction (similar to 20%) of the in vitro insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and incorporation into glycogen. in liver, glimepiride increased p-GSK3 (p < 0.01) and glycogen (p < 0.05) contents.Conclusion: the increased GLUT4 protein expression and glucose utilization in oxidative muscle and the increased insulin sensitivity and glycogen storage in liver evidence the insulin-sensitizer effect of glimepiride, which must be important to enable the glimepiride drug to promote an efficient glycaemic control.
CitationDiabetes Obesity & Metabolism. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 10, n. 7, p. 596-U5, 2008.
- EPM - Artigos